Caves in Mumbai

Kanheri Caves
These caves are about 4kms away from the National Park at Borivli. These caves were cut out from a hillside in the middle part of the 2nd century A.D. and are typical forms of Buddhist architecture. There was a large scale execution of the sculptures .These were the dwelling places of the Buddhist monks and were known as Viharas. The caves are surrounded by a thick foliage of trees and clear stream ripples down through it. Here there are no actual representations lord Buddha; only the symbols of his religion are depicted.

Elephanta Caves A pleasant half an hour motor-boat ride from the hustle and bustle of city life brings one to the vicinities of the famous Elephanta caves located in the quiet island by the same name. This island is home to a series of seven magnificient rock cut caves which dates from the 4th-9th centuries A.D. These caves are situated at a height of about 76metres above sea-level. The most impressive of these caves has a 40 metre square main hall with two wide columnades.
At the western end of the hall, there is a lingam shrine which stands guarded by stone doorkeepers leaning on dwarfs. The lingam symbolic of lord Siva is still worshipped by devotees during festivals. One of the most striking features of this cave is the 6m high Maheshmurti, the three headed bust of lord Siva depicting his three facets-creator, destroyer and protector. Besides, the cave contains a series of nine massive sculptured panels which show various incidents in the life of lord Siva and other dramatic moments from Hindu mythology. These are chiselled with immense artistic finesse.